There are many diseases that can affect the retina and/or optic nerves. Here are a few common ones and the treatments we offer:
AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION (ARMD or AMD) - a disease
of aging that causes damage to the macula, the part of the retina responsible for clear central vision. This disease is the leading cause of vision loss in older adults. While it may not lead to total blindness, it can rob you of your central vision, leaving
your peripheral vision intact. Dry AMD has few symptoms in the early stages, but as the disease progresses, in can cause symptoms such as blurred vision and a dull appearance to objects. Wet AMD is the more
severe and damaging form of the disease. Symptoms include loss of central vision, blurriness, loss of brightness/color distortion, dark or blank spots in the vision.
RETINOPATHY - a disease caused by damage to blood vessels of the retina in people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. It is the leading cause of blindness in working age Americans. Most often, diabetic retinopathy has no
symptoms until the damage to your eyes is severe. Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include: blurred vision and slow vision loss over time, floaters, shadows or missing areas of vision, trouble seeing at night. Many people with early diabetic retinopathy may
have no symptoms before major bleeding occurs in the eye. This is why everyone with diabetes should have regular eye exams.
RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSIONS (RVO)- a disease
that occurs when the small veins that carry blood away from the retina are blocked, usually by hardening of the arteries. You may be at risk of developing RVO if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, artherosclerosis or other eye diseases like glaucoma.
Symptoms of RVO include: sudden blurring or loss of vision in some or all of the eye. RVO can also cause other eye problems.
Treatments we offer for the above listed retinal conditions include:
- Diagnostic testing to monitor advancements of the disease such as spectral domain optical coherence tomography and fundus autoflouresence
- Laser surgery in our office for advanced stage disease
- Intraocular injections with anti-vascular
endothelial growth factor drugs, such as Lucentis, Eylea and Avastin
- Fluorescein angiography